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Sir John Heron Primary School

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Age Bands:

Children are expected to work within 40-60 months and the ELG (Early Learning Goal) at this stage in their learning.



Spring Term 2

 Vocabulary Focus


Our Power of Reading story this term is ‘The Gruffalo’ and the traditional story we will be reading this term will be ‘The Three Little Pigs’. We will continue to use Read, Write Inc. scheme of work to teach reading and writing.

The aims are that children will:

  • Know that information can be retrieved from books and computers.
  • Attempt to write short sentences in meaningful contexts.
  • Use phonics knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately (ELG).
  • Use their phonics knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds (ELG).

High frequency words – I, go, come, want, up, you, day, was, look, are, the, of, we, this, dog, me, like, going, big, she, and, they, my, see, on, away, mum, it, at, play, no, yes, for, a, dad, can, he, am, all, is, cat, get, said, to, in.


In Maths, children will be taught a range of mathematical skills. In the Spring Term, we will focus on Number, Shape, Space and Measure. We will use Numicon to develop children’s mathematical understanding.

The aims are that children will:

  • In practical activities and discussion, begin to use the vocabulary involved in adding and subtracting.
  • Estimate how many objects they can see and check by counting them.
  • Record using marks they can interpret and explain.
  • Begin to use mathematical names for ‘solid’ 3D shapes and ‘flat’ 2D shapes and mathematical terms to describe shapes.
  • Order two items by weight or capacity.
  • Begin to use everyday language related to money.
  • Begin to identify own mathematical problems based on own interests and fascinations.


Vocabulary – talk about ways we can pay for things. Real life situations where we need to pay for things, coins, goods, notes, cards, change


Volume/capacity – empty/full      nearly full/nearly empty   More than/less than  -  when using sand, water, mud or other materials


Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSED)

During this term, children will be encouraged to be more independent while interacting with others and when organising their own activities.

The aims are that children will:

  • Play co-operatively, taking turns with others (ELG).
  • Be confident to try new activities, and say why they like some activities more than others (ELG).
  • Work as part of a group or class, and understand and follow the rules (ELG).


Positive vocabulary – curious, determined, persistent, imaginative, persuasive, funny, calm, energetic, lively, clever, generous, entertaining, polite


Good sitting, building, looking, helping, sharing, tidying up…


Communication and Language

Throughout this term, your children will continue to be supported to develop their communication and language skills. We will plan a range of lessons where we support the children’s listening and attention skills. We will also develop their understanding and will give them enough time to develop their speaking skills.

The aims are that children will:

  • Respond to what they hear with relevant, comments, questions or actions (ELG).
  • Answer ‘how and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events (ELG).
  • Use language to imagine and recreate roles and experiences in play situations.
  • Use talk to organise, sequence and clarify thinking, ideas, feelings and events.


Vocabulary – conversation station – set up an area within the classroom and provide a selection of objects. Focus on the ‘words of the week’ to help extend children’s vocabulary and their grouping skills, e.g. focus on several words from one category such as butternut squash, kale, swede are all vegetables


Understanding the World

Children will learn about the different animals that we find in the forest, they will learn about their different habitats and what they like to eat and how they behave. This will be linked to our text ‘The Gruffalo’.

The aims are that children will:

  • Recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools (ELG).
  • Make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur and talk about changes (ELG).
  • Talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members (ELG).
  • Know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this (ELG).


Vocabulary looking at objects: what does…look, feel sound, smell like? Who did it belong to….?

Plants, seeds, bulbs, grow, planting, watering,


Experience, observe and talk about- pets, wild animals, mini beasts, insects,


Wind, rain, cloud, frost, ice, storm, thunder, lightning, food, weather, season,  spring, summer, autumn, winter,  temperature, map, globe, plan, country, position, near/far, left/right, up/down, map

Physical Development

Children will have a range of opportunities to develop their fine motor and gross motor skills. We also teach the children how to be healthy and safe. Children will be having additional PE sessions to support development of their gross motor skills and wellbeing.

The aims are that children will:

  • Show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements (ELG). 
  • Practice some appropriate safety measure without direct supervision.
  • Show some understanding that good practices related to exercise, eating, sleeping and hygiene can contribute to good health.
  • Travel with confidence and skill around, under, over and through balancing and climbing equipment.
  • Show a preference for a dominant hand.

Vocabulary – use linked to dressing skills, road safety, safety including using and transporting tools and equipment

Vocabulary for a ball – roll, tap, bounce, slide, hit, throw, dribble, kick. With different types of balls – squashy, spider, sponge, rubber, balloon ball, heavy ball etc. Compare the way they move, fast, slow, high


Expressive Arts and Design

Children will be encouraged to share and express their creativity in a range of ways and through fun and creative activities.

The aims are that children will:

  • Manipulate materials to achieve a planned effect.
  • Use simple tools and techniques competently and appropriately.
  • Play alongside other children who are engaged in the same theme.
  • Sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them (ELG).


Vocabulary for evaluation -  talk about their work/work of others, say what they like and dislike and why, make suggestions about changes they could make or different tools or techniques they could use


Beads, glass beads, marbles, rings, nuts, bolts, string of beads, pebble, buttons, pompoms


Linked to food preparation – cook, bake, weigh, mix, roll, cut, whisk, mash, sieve, peel , chop, spread, names of fruits and vegetables, nutrition, healthy, unhealthy